16 julho 2013

Exemplo_Jiaohe Citadel_China

Buddhist stupa at Jiaohe Ruins

Jiaohe, China
Jiaohe or Yarkhoto is a ruined city in the Yarnaz Valley, 10 km west of the city of Turpan in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China. 
It was the capital of the Tocharian kingdom of Jushi. It is a natural fortress located atop a steep cliff on a leaf-shaped plateau between two deep river valleys, and was an important stop along the Silk Road.
The rammed earth ruins of Jiaohe ancient citadel, protected the Jiaohe area at the time of the Tang Dynasty (seventh to tenth century).
This military structure was gradually abandoned after the Yuan Dynasty, in the fourteenth century silently remaining as a memory.
Both the Nara National Cultural Properties Research Institute and the Xinjiang Cultural Relics Bureau have been cooperating in a joint venture to preserve the ruins of the site since 1992. In 2014, the Jiaohe Ruins became part of the Silk Road UNESCO World Heritage Sites, after several years of preparation.

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